The first foreign visitors found Rogoznica to be a desirable tourist destination at the very beginning of the twentieth century, when the first hotel, called “Rogoznica,” was opened by the Lušić-Rankov family. Austrian and Italian senior military officers and tourists from Austria and the Czech Republic gladly stayed there. According to the research of the well-known ethnomusicologist Professor Ivo Furčić, in the first decades of the twentieth century Rogoznica’s rich cultural and social life became more developed. Regular balls were held at the hotel Rogoznica and elsewhere, and especially popular was the Carnival of Rogoznica, when masquerade balls were organized every Thursday and Sunday. During that time, Rogoznica became a weekend destination, too. In 1936, on the island of Velika Smokvica, a rich Austrian built his mansion, and at about the same time, Dr. Bronislava Prašek, founder of the pediatrics field in Croatia, constructed her villa in a pine forest on the island.